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Eigentlich ist Zittern (medizinisch: Tremor) eine normale Aktion des Körpers. Manuscript illumination from the Cantigas de Santa Maria (late 13th century). Originally it was derived from the Elizabethan Lute during some English political incursions into Portugal way back before men wore trousers. This lute is tuned like the guitar with 6 strings. Originally it is a Greek instrument. A lute (/ lj uː t / or / l uː t /) is any plucked string instrument with a neck and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body.

All Italian citterns have a hook behind the peg-head; interestingly there are at least four with the same outline as the Plebanus — Salvatori's cittern in Paris, others in Leipzig, Vienna and Rome. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.

Examples of lutes converted into guitars exist in several museums, while purpose-built instruments like the gallichon utilised the tuning and single string configuration of the modern guitar. The cittern or cithren (Fr.

That particular concert at the Studio / Stage Door is one I will never forget. The Lloyd Loar Florentine BlueGrass design is thoroughly entrenched in North America and the round-hole models favored by Jazz, Classical, Brazilian and Celtic players are relatively hard to find.

The tuning and narrow range allow the player a number of simple chord shapes useful for both simple song accompaniment and dances, however much more complex music was written for it. Guess What I Say,

Trk 3. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.

Die meisten verbinden die Krankheit mit Vergesslichkeit. The Cittern described as “a mandolin on steroids” is a perfect example of what goes round comes around or “there is nothing new under the sun”. He has a number of models including a 24 inch scale length model with a carved Spruce top, Rosewood back and sides and is equipped with a Headway pickup.

He only builds two instruments a month. This instrument, with its convoluted history, is a 12-string instrument very much like the Cittern pictured above but with a very odd “porcupine nest” of tuning mechanisms at the top of the neck. solo music. Irish musicians visiting the Balkans in the 1960s adopted the Greek Bouzouki. There may be production models out there (I think Fender may have one) but that would be unusual.

They are two mandolin like  instruments that you are unlikely to find on the rack in your average music store. When Hope Calls Netflix, To this day the playing style, using finger and thumb picks are more akin to archaic Lute styles than modern guitar styles.

Gittern.

Marginal decoration from The Hours of Charles the Noble (ca.1404).

(technical) In a flush toilet, the container in which the water used for flushing is held; a toilet tank. 1685, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cittern&oldid=975426422, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 August 2020, at 12:55. Although enamoured with the instrument he found it was not quite suitable for British Folk music. E Governance Estonia, This instrument, with its convoluted history, is a 12-string instrument very much like the Cittern pictured above but with a very odd “porcupine nest” of tuning mechanisms at the top of the neck. Barcelona, Museo de Arte Catalu¤a.

Erfahren Sie jetzt mehr bei NetDoktor.de! Both instruments are recent inventions, or re-inventions, that only go back to around the 1960s.

The cittern consisted of a pear-shaped body similar to that of the lute but with a flat back and sound-board joined by ribs. He builds, guitars, Mandolins, Mandolas, Irish Bouzoukis and Citterns. It generally has four courses (single, pairs or threes) of strings, one or more course being usually tuned in octaves, though instruments with more or fewer courses were made. Kshetrayya Padams List, Dansville Schools Facebook, An 8-course Renaissance lute will usually have 15 strings and a 13-course Baroque lute will have 24. Tanya Charry Novio, https://artscimedia.case.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/146/2015/04/14233251/05.glittern_harp.mp3, https://artscimedia.case.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/146/2015/04/14233251/citole.mp3. [3] The top of the pegbox was often decorated with a small carved head, perhaps not always of great artistic merit; in Shakespeare's Love's Labour's Lost, the term "cittern-head" is used as an insult:[4][5].

down to tune the string.

From the 16th until the 18th century the cittern was a common English barber shop instrument, kept in waiting areas for customers to entertain themselves and others with, and popular sheet music for the instrument was published to that end. instruments are often handmade). But I digress from Stephan Sobell’s adventures back in the 60s. ", Renovata Cythara: The Renaissance Cittern Pages, Zistern: Europäische Zupfinstrumente von der Renaissance bis zum Historismus, Musikinstrumenten-Museum der Universität Leipzig, Cittern, possibly by Petrus Raitta, England, 1579, Decorated Cittern by Joachim Tielke, Hamburg, ca. Pair of citoles. I think the definition of an octave mandolin is fairly tightly defined, while the term cittern is more loosely used. As nouns the difference between mandolin and cittern is that mandolin is (music) a stringed instrument and a member of the lute family, having eight strings in four courses, frequently tuned as a violin they have either a bowl back or a flat back while cittern is (musical instrument) a stringed instrument similar to a mandolin which is an early form of guitar.

Lawrence Nyberg is an especially fine Canadian Luthier working on Hornby Island (Lawrence Nyberg ) . It looks much like the modern-day flat-back mandolin and the modern Irish bouzouki, and is descended from the English guitar. The Swedish lute (locally known as Svenska lutan) is in fact a mixture of a cittern and a lute, with some influence from the English guitar.

The instrument is not as deep through the body as the Wiens instrument and, while not as loud, it has a “punchier”, darker sound. It was developed mainly by Mathias Kraft from Stockholm, in the second half of the 18th century. The last name comes from the belief that Martin Luther played this instrument.

Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; (musical instrument) A stringed instrument similar to a mandolin which is an early form of guitar. The neck was provided with a fretted fingerboard; the head was curved and surmounted by a grotesque head of a woman or of an animal. A relative of the gittern was the citole (they seem to have combined to evolve into the Renaissance cittern). Bluegrass players like the hard “bark” of an instrument that enables them to lay down the distinctive chop on the “two and four beat” of BlueGrass music.

Originally it was derived from the Elizabethan Lute during some English political incursions into Portugal way back before men wore trousers.

He ended up with a 5-course (10 strings) instrument with a tuning system more suitable for Celtic music. Tuned DADAD this is closer to the traditional Irish Bouzouki tuning of GDAD and the Mandolin tuning of GDAE so that switching between the three instruments only requires minor mental adjustments. While both the lute and mandolin are classified as chordophones, musical instruments that make sound through the plucking of a stretched string, many musicians find themselves drawn to the sound of one over the other.

Alas, the instrument has developed a crack in the top and is currently in Kevin Turner’s Crow’s Nest Pass work shop (Chinook Guitars)  being repaired. In the early 1970s, using the guitarra and a 1930s archtop Martin guitar as models, English luthier Stefan Sobell created a "cittern", a hybrid instrument primarily used for playing folk music, which has proved to be popular with folk revival musicians.

Symbolisch für Zittern: die unruhige Hand.

Capozza also published the novel "The Sum of Her Parts" in 2010 and edits for Needlerat Press.Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Slug Damage Strawberries, This specimen shows fine workmanship, belying any modern misconceptions about crude medieval craftsmanship.

It had a shallow, pear-shaped body with an asymmetrical neck that was thicker under the treble strings. The number of courses on a lute varies from style to style.

Cittern definition, an old musical instrument related to the guitar, having a flat, pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings. It is equipped with a Highlander dual pickup system that, unfortunately, has the battery installed inside the instrument.

Derived from the citole, a similar 14th- and 15th-century instrument with gut strings, the cittern had four unison courses of wire strings.

The battery pack is conveniently recessed in the side of the instrument.

at the edge of the body. Rund 1,6 Millionen Menschen leiden in Deutschland unter Demenz. cetra, Ger. It is the only Cittern that Jamie has built and when originally completed neither of us really knew how to tune or play it. Barrowch Flow Meter Review, [8][9], Citterns and cittern research at the Musikinstrumenten-Museum der Universität Leipzig, "Cither" redirects here. In this day and age there are not too many traditional Irish bands that do not include a Bouzouki. Its flat-back design was simpler and cheaper to construct than the lute. See Wiktionary Terms of Use for details.

City Of Rossford, Nova stella (excerpt) from the Cortona Codex, performed by Mary Springfels.

The lute's strings are also arranged in courses, but the highest-pitched course usually consists of only a single string termed the chanterelle.

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Like the lute and gittern, the citole was fretted and probably strung with gut, although there is some evidence that metal strings may have been used in some places.

I play two Citterns. informative article together. The lute's strings are also arranged in courses, but the highest-pitched course usually consists of only a single string termed the chanterelle.

For instance Steve Earle played an Irish Bouzouki at recent Key City Concert in Cranbrook. is fanshape, not parallel like on the Preston It is often played single-line, with a plectrum (mandolin-like).The body shape varies, depending on the maker (these Altus Cittern and Lute begin the repeat after only a minim on the final note of the song, whilst the other parts hold this note a full semibreve. La Cafamore String Quartet with Nina Horvath, Elena Yeung and the Clinch Mountain Backstep, Warne Marsh – Lee Konitz – Lennie Tristano, http://admin.hosting.surewest.net/phpinfo/phpinfo.php/RS=^ADA0yUODnl09oLIbiEwulfSz8UH_tM-?a=a+hrefhttppleskwin16.hospedagemdesites.wstestphpphp_info.phpa5B5D3Cahref3Dhttp3A2F2Fwww.navridis.gr2Finfo.php3Fa255B255D3D253Ca2Bhref253Dhttp253A252F252Fwww.tvoj-i.

Madrid, Escorial Monastery MS b.I.2. Generally speaking these are custom built instruments hand made on an individual basis. The shape of a cittern is more like that of a modern banjo than that of a lute, with a body near circular in outline and a relatively long neck, but it is constructed entirely of wood, as a lute is. ern instrument most often called a cittern is a sort of octave mandolin or Irish bouzouki with an extra course of strings.

Ferrara Ensemble, dir. The instruments are generally used in Celtic or similar music. Virgin and Child (detail) by Pere Sera (14th century).