[5] She then went on to study Latin and Logic at the University College of Southampton,[1] before dropping out after a year and moving to London to get a job.

Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 6 gen 2020 alle 23:43. In 1999, an 87-year-old British woman held a press conference in front of her home to announce that for nearly four decades, she’d worked as a spy for the Soviet Union. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. This innocuous-sounding association was actually part of a secret nuclear weapons research project with the U.S. called “Tube Alloy.” When no one was looking, Norwood would sneak into her boss’ office, open his safe and take pictures of the secret documents inside. Her mother joined the Co-operative Party. Norwood’s secret finally came out in September 1999, when The Times of London began to publish Andrew’s book serially. According to Jeremy Bernstein, Bailey was "warned about Norwood’s political associations and was careful not to reveal anything to her. Melita Norwood became friend… [15], Red Joan is a 2018 film very loosely inspired by Norwood's life, starring Judi Dench and Sophie Cookson. “I did what I did not to make money but to help prevent the defeat of a new system which had, at great cost, given ordinary people food and fares which they could afford, a good education and a health service,” she told the press in front of her home.

"[3], Melita Sirnis was born to a Latvian father, Peter Alexander Sirnis (Latvian: Pēteris Aleksandrs Zirnis), and a British mother, Gertrude Stedman Sirnis, in the Bournemouth suburb of Pokesdown. Three of its members were arrested in January 1938 and sentenced to between three and six years in prison,[9] but Melita Norwood was not then detained. She retired in 1972. While she said she did not generally "agree with spying against one's country", she had hoped her actions would help "Russia to keep abreast of Britain, America and Germany". [5] After the Independent Labour Party (ILP), of which she had become a member earlier in the decade, splintered in 1936, Melita Norwood joined the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB). Both her parents were active in socialist circles. Hilary Norwood married Melita Norwood (born Sirnis). Melita Norwood, pictured here at age 87 in 1999, standing outside her home in Bexleyheath, where she reads a statement to the press concerning her involvement in passing over atomic secrets to the KGB.

Andrew, Christopher and Mitrokhin, Vasili, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 18:21. [17] The film was shot in the UK.

Join Facebook to connect with Hilary Norwood and others you may know. Melita Stedman Norwood (nome in codice Hola [1]) (Bournemouth, 25 marzo 1912 – 2 giugno 2005) è stata un'agente segreta britannica. only confirmed she was a spy in the 1990s.

[3], British Non-Ferrous Metals Research Association, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Melita_Norwood&oldid=109868963, Voci biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo. [1], Norwood's espionage activities were first publicly revealed by former KGB archivist Vasili Mitrokhin, in the book The Mitrokhin Archive: The K.G.B.

[4][1] Melita was educated at Itchen Secondary School, becoming school captain in 1928.

In 1996, the government decided that the information in the Mitrokhin papers should be available to the public, and handed them over to the Cambridge professor Christopher Andrew so he could write a book about them.

In fact, Melita Norwood was the Soviet Union’s longest-serving British spy. [6], From 1932, Sirnis worked as a secretary with the British Non-Ferrous Metals Research Association. [8][10], Her position as secretary to G.L. British intelligence only confirmed she was a spy in the 1990s after the fall of the Soviet Union, when the former KGB officer Vasili Mitrokhin defected to the United Kingdom and turned over six trunks of archive information about Soviet spying. As the news of Norwood’s espionage broke in The Times, Norwood held a press conference to confirm that she was a spy and explain why she’d done it.

[2], Melita Norwood nacque da padre lettone, Alexander Sirnis, e madre inglese, Gertrude Stedman, a Pokesdown, nel Dorset. In 1932 she started work as a secretary with the British Non-Ferrous Metals Research Association (BN-FMRA), where she became an organizer for the Association of Women Clerks and Secretaries. And in April 2019, a film adaptation premiered in the U.K. and the U.S. starring Judi Dench as Joan Stanley, the fictional counterpart to Melita Norwood, the real-life spy.

Her occupation was Yes. She’d then pass the camera off to her contact in the KGB, who knew her by her code name “Hola.”. From World War II through the Cold War, she stole nuclear secrets from the office where she worked as a secretary and passed them to Moscow. In 2013, author Jennie Rooney published a novel, Red Joan, loosely based on Norwood’s life. In The Mitrokhin Archive: The K.G.B. Melita Norwood was a great-grandmother when her espionage was finally revealed. Bailey, head of a department at the British Non-Ferrous Metals Research Association, enabled Norwood to pass her Soviet handlers material relating to the British atomic weapons project, known at the time by the innocuous name of Tube Alloys. In 1949 she married Hilary Norwood, a fellow-Communist and mathematics teacher. Fornì al KGB, nel periodo 1937-1972, segreti nucleari a cui aveva accesso grazie al suo impiego presso la British Non-Ferrous Metals Research Association. Quando interrogata sui moventi delle proprie azioni, spiegò: "Feci quel che feci, non per soldi, ma per aiutare a prevenire la disfatta di un nuovo sistema che aveva dato, ad un costo elevato, cibo e cure a gente che non se li poteva permettere, una buona educazione e un servizio sanitario".